Describe the Agreements That Were Reached at the Munich Conference in September 1938

The Munich Conference of September 1938 was a historical meeting between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France to discuss the fate of Czechoslovakia. Adolf Hitler, the German Chancellor, had demanded the annexation of the Sudetenland, a region in Czechoslovakia that bordered Germany and was largely inhabited by ethnic Germans. To avoid war, the other three countries agreed to let Germany take the Sudetenland, setting a dangerous precedent for the future.

The agreements reached at the Munich Conference were the following:

1. The Sudetenland would be ceded to Germany, and the Czechoslovak government and military would withdraw from the region.

2. Britain and France declared that they would guarantee the new borders of Czechoslovakia.

3. Hitler signed a declaration reaffirming his commitment to the peaceful settlement of disputes and promising not to make any further territorial demands in Europe.

4. The four countries agreed to establish an international commission to oversee the transfer of the Sudetenland to Germany.

The agreements reached at the Munich Conference were applauded by many at the time as a diplomatic triumph that had avoided war and appeased Hitler`s demands. However, this view was challenged in the years that followed, as Hitler continued his aggressive expansionist policies, eventually leading to the outbreak of World War II.

In conclusion, the Munich Conference of 1938 was a significant event in European history that set a dangerous precedent for appeasement and led to the eventual destruction of Czechoslovakia. The agreements reached at the conference ultimately failed to prevent further aggression by Hitler and paved the way for the horrors of World War II.